The Kite Shield: A Comprehensive Guide

The kite shield is a type of medieval shield that gained popularity during the 12th and 13th centuries. Its unique shape, resembling a kite, provided excellent protection for knights and soldiers on the battlefield. In this article, we will explore the history, design, usage, and significance of the kite shield, shedding light on its importance in medieval warfare.

The Origins of the Kite Shield

The kite shield originated in Europe during the High Middle Ages, specifically in the 12th century. It was primarily used by knights and soldiers in Western Europe, particularly in England, France, and Germany. The shield’s design was influenced by the Norman cavalry, who introduced the kite-shaped shield to England after the Norman Conquest in 1066.

The kite shield was an evolution of earlier shield designs, such as the round shield and the heater shield. Its unique shape allowed for better protection of the user’s body, especially the legs, which were vulnerable to attacks from below. The elongated bottom of the shield provided additional coverage, making it an effective defensive tool.

The Design and Construction of the Kite Shield

The kite shield was typically made of wood, covered with leather or canvas, and reinforced with metal fittings. The shield’s frame was made from a single piece of wood, usually oak or pine, which was lightweight yet sturdy. The wood was carefully shaped and curved to achieve the distinctive kite shape.

To enhance its durability, the shield was often reinforced with metal fittings, such as iron rims and bosses. These fittings not only strengthened the shield but also added aesthetic appeal. The front of the shield was covered with leather or canvas, which provided a smooth surface for painting heraldic designs or coat of arms.

The kite shield’s dimensions varied, but it typically measured around 1.2 to 1.5 meters in height and 60 to 70 centimeters in width. The top of the shield was rounded, while the bottom was elongated and pointed, resembling the shape of a kite. This unique design allowed for better protection of the user’s lower body, particularly the legs.

Usage and Tactics on the Battlefield

The kite shield was primarily used by knights and soldiers on horseback. Its shape and size made it ideal for mounted combat, providing protection to both the rider and the horse. The shield was held by a central grip, allowing the user to maneuver it easily while on horseback.

One of the key tactics employed with the kite shield was the “shield wall.” In this formation, soldiers would stand shoulder to shoulder, overlapping their shields to create a solid barrier. The kite shield’s elongated shape allowed for better coverage when forming a shield wall, protecting the legs of the soldiers.

Another tactic utilized with the kite shield was the “shield charge.” Knights on horseback would lower their lances and charge at full speed, using the kite shield to protect themselves from enemy attacks. The shield’s shape and size provided excellent coverage, minimizing the risk of injury during the charge.

The Significance of the Kite Shield

The kite shield played a significant role in medieval warfare, offering both offensive and defensive advantages. Its unique shape and design provided better protection for the user, particularly against attacks from below. The elongated bottom of the shield protected the legs, which were often vulnerable in combat.

Furthermore, the kite shield allowed for more effective use of weapons, such as the lance. Knights on horseback could confidently charge at their enemies, knowing that their bodies were well-protected by the shield. This increased the effectiveness of cavalry charges, which were a crucial aspect of medieval warfare.

The kite shield also served as a canvas for displaying heraldic designs and coat of arms. Knights would paint their shields with their personal or family emblems, allowing for easy identification on the battlefield. This not only boosted morale but also helped allies recognize each other amidst the chaos of war.


The kite shield was a remarkable innovation in medieval warfare, providing knights and soldiers with enhanced protection and tactical advantages. Its unique shape, construction, and usage made it an indispensable tool on the battlefield. The kite shield’s significance extended beyond its defensive capabilities, as it also served as a symbol of identity and unity among knights and soldiers.

As we delve into the history of medieval warfare, it is important to recognize the contributions of such iconic weapons and armor. The kite shield stands as a testament to the ingenuity and adaptability of medieval warriors, and its legacy continues to inspire and captivate us today.


1. How effective was the kite shield in protecting the user?

The kite shield was highly effective in protecting the user, especially against attacks from below. Its elongated shape provided coverage for the legs, which were vulnerable in combat. The shield’s construction and materials also offered durability and resistance against enemy strikes.

2. Were there any disadvantages to using the kite shield?

While the kite shield offered excellent protection, it had some limitations. Its size and weight made it less maneuverable compared to smaller shields. Additionally, the elongated shape of the shield made it more susceptible to being caught or entangled in close combat situations.

3. Did the kite shield have any variations in design?

Yes, the kite shield had variations in design across different regions and time periods. Some kite shields had a more pronounced point at the bottom, while others had a rounded or squared-off shape. The materials used for construction and the presence of decorative elements also varied.

4. How did the kite shield compare to other shields of the time?

The kite shield offered better protection for the lower body compared to other shields of the time, such as round shields or heater shields. Its elongated shape and size made it particularly suitable for mounted combat, providing coverage for both the rider and the horse.

5. Did the use of the kite shield decline over time?

Yes, the use of the kite shield declined in the late 13th century with the rise of plate armor and changes in battlefield tactics. As armor became more advanced, shields became less necessary for personal protection. Additionally, the introduction of firearms rendered shields less effective against projectile weapons.

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